ARTICLES

2012 Summary of the global feed processing industry

2013 ALLTECH Global Feed Summary: Global feed production statistics have traditionally been difficult to quantify because many countries lack national feed associations.

For this reason, Alltech began in late 2011 to leverage its global presence to obtain a more accurate estimate of the world's feed tonnage. The results of the annual year-end assessment were announced in January as an industry outlook resource for the new calendar year.

For its second report, Alltech assessed the compound feed production of 134 countries in December 2012. Where possible, information was obtained in partnership with local feed associations and, when not possible, it was done utilizing information gathered by the more than 500 members of Alltech’s global salesforce, who visit more than 26,000 feed mills on an annual basis.

When reviewing the data, there are two considerations to bear in mind. First, numbers for less developed countries may be less accurate, but given their size, this will have little numerical influence on the overall dataset. Second, the definition of feed, feed mill and species varies from country to country.

Overall, the new results affirm a growing feed industry with a global feed tonnage of 954.4 million, a 9 percent increase over the late 2011 estimates of 873 million. The actual underlying growth is likely to be about 4 to 5 percent since the latest results include new sources of information not available in 2011 and identify more accurately the statistics for individual species. China, Brazil, India and Russia (BRIC) represented 33 million tons of the increase.



No.CountryTotal Tonnage (million) 2012
1China198.340
2USA168.460
3Brazil66.285
4Mexico28.536
5Spain28.231
6India26.837
7Japan25.220
8Russia23.350
9Germany22.252
10France21.613
11Canada19.642
12Thailand15.750
13Netherlands14.762
14Italy14.633
15Indonesia13.801
16UK13.551
17Korea13.515
18Turkey12.995
19Iran12.000
20Vietnam12.000
21Phillipines11.917
22South Africa11.027
23Argentina10.115
24Poland8.255
25Taiwan7.893
26Australia7.548
27Pakistan7.410
28Ireland6.728
29Belgium6.281
30Colombia5.500
31Egypt5.400
32Venezula5.315
33Ukraine5.160
34Saudi Arabia4.530
35Chile4.523
36Malaysia4.400
37Denmark4.200
38Algeria4.000
39Belarus4.000
40Hungary3.832
41Israel3.500
42Peru3.391
43Serbia3.391
44Greece and Cyprus3.221
45Portugal3.085
46Morocco2.995
47Norway2.940
48Bangladesh2.730
49Romania2.295
50Ecuador2.245
51Czech Republic1.986
52Bosnia1.962
53Sweden1.925
54Nigeria1.900
55Uruguay1.419
56Finland1.395
57Paraguay1.345
58Bolivia1.313
59Kazakhstan1.280
60Switzerland1.265
61Dominican Republic1.162
62Guatemala1.137
63Jordan1.100
64Libya1.060
65Albania1.000
66Tunisia1.000
67Austria0.965
68Kenya0.955
69New Zealand0.899
70Bulgaria0.887
71Dubai0.850
72Costa Rica0.821
73UAE0.767
74Croatia0.750
75Cuba0.750
76El Salvador0.744
77Nepal0.739
78Honduras0.703
79Iraq0.700
80Sri Lanka0.615
81Myanmar0.600
82Slovakia0.600
83Panama0.568
84Lebanon0.500
85Macedonia0.500
86Moldova0.500
87Uzbekistan0.500
88Armenia0.500
89Estonia0.480
90Uganda0.467
91Oman0.464
92Lithuania0.462
93Slovenia0.450
94Jamaica0.320
95Azerbaijan0.320
96Nicaragua0.318
97Puerto Rico0.276
98Tanzania0.258
99Zambia0.240
100Latvia0.234
101Reunion0.230
102Kuwait0.230
103Georgia0.200
104Kyrgyzstan0.200
105Turkish Cyprus0.200
106Cote D'ivoire0.160
107Bahrain0.150
108Caribbean0.146
109Senegal0.125
110Turkmenistan0.101
111Ghana0.100
112Kosovo0.100
113Sudan0.100
114Trinidad & Tobago0.094
115Iceland0.090
116Mauritius0.090
117Haiti0.090
118Luxembourg0.090
119Malta0.080
120Botswana0.057
121Namibia0.052
122Zimbabwe0.040
123Barbados0.039
124Mozambique0.030
125Guyana0.022
126Seychelles0.015
127Suriname0.012
128Bahamas0.008
129Cameroon0.000
130Lesotho0.000
131Mongolia0.000
132Montenegro0.000
133San Marino0.000
134Singapore0.000

 

Among the 134 countries reviewed, China was once again the leading producer of feed with 198.3 million tons manufactured in the official estimate of more than 10,000 feed mills. Consistent with late 2011 assessments, the United States and Brazil followed in second and third places, with 168.5 million tons from 5,251 feed mills and 66 million tons from 1,237 feed mills respectively.

 

No.CountryNumber of Feed MillsTotal Tonnage
1China10.000198.34
2USA5.251168.46
3Brazil1.23766.285
4Mexico43028.536
5Spain70028.231
6India86226.837
7Japan15625.22
8Russia50023.35
9Germany34022.252
10France29421.613
11Canada7219.642
12Thailand3015.75
13Netherlands5014.762
14Italy34014.633
15Indonesia7013.801
16UK34013.551
17Korea4113.515
18Turkey35012.995
19Iran24012
20Vietnam23012

 

Asia continues to be the world’s leading feed producing region at 356 million tons. One region, however, exceeded Asia in percent growth over 2011 results. Africa was found to be the fastest growing area in terms of tons of feed manufactured, increasing its tonnage 19 percent from 47 million in 2011 to 56 million in 2012. The Middle East was estimated to have the largest feed mills, with an average of more than 63,000 tons produced per mill.

 

Continent/Region Total Tonnage
Asia356 Million
Europe207 Million
North America188 Million
Latin America137 Million
Middle East/Africa56 Million
Other10 Million
Total954 Million

 

RegionTotal Number of Feed MillsTotal TonnageAverage Tonnage per region
Africa7943030500038168
Asia1214935654200029347
Europe444920840000046842
Latin America297513704800046067
Middle East3852541100066003
North America532318810200035338
Other165859300052079
Total2624095440100036372

 

 

Number of Feed Mills (Estimate): 26,240

Total Tonnage (million) 2012: 954.4

 

When analyzed by species, poultry continues to dominate with a 44 percent share of the feed market at 417.8 million tons, likely due to religious and taste preferences as well as cost. It grew by approximately 10 percent over 2011 estimates. Sixty percent of all poultry tonnage is dedicated to broilers, with the rest fed to egg layers, turkeys, duck and other fowl.

Total Tonnage per million
PigRuminantPoultryAquaOther
DairyBeefCalfOther RuminantsLayersBroilersTurkeysOther PoultryPetsHorse
130.797.91.422.5141.1246.113.217.2
218.1252.6417.834.420.410.8

 

SpeciesTotal Tonnage
Poultry418 Million
Ruminant253 Million
Pig218 Million
Aqua34 Million
Pet20 Million
Equine11 Million
Total954 Million

 

The pig feed sector matched poultry’s 8 percent growth, moving to 218 million tons globally. The ruminant feed market, comprising dairy, beef and small ruminants, grew more than 13 percent between late 2011 and December 2012, and now requires 254 million tons. Equine feed tonnage increased almost 17 percent to 10.8 million tons.

Aquaculture grew nearly 16 percent since 2011. Pet food represents 20.5 million tons, 40 percent of which are produced in the United States, but Brazil continues to make considerable advances in this sector.


Top 20 detailed results:
Country No. of Feed Mills Total Tonnes (million) 2012PigRuminantPoultryAquaOther
DairyBeefCalf Other LayersBroilersTurkeys Other PetsHorse
China 10,000198.3458.1435.530029.42001113.310
USA 5,251168.4623.5919.5123.410.1023.0957.226.540186
Brazil 1,237 66.2815.45.12.905.133.20.840 0.632.50.61
Mexico430 28.54 4.21 4.613.0270.454.5610.3400 0.210.710.42
Spain700 28.2313.242.942.341.630.450 0.10 0.370.23
India862 26.840 5.850 0.01 7.01 10.4600.0013.50.0020.002
Japan15625.22 6.11 3.34.5980.05 6.39 3.9500.05 0.43 0.31 0.02
Russia50023.356.221.7503.89.40.20000
Germany340 22.259.200 0.156.42.13.30000.70.4
France294 21.615.73.121.55 0.360.62.33.51.441.67 0.121 0.25
Canada72 19.644100.780.180.80.960.180.180.76 1.220.58
Thailand3015.7560.60.200.7600.31.60.250.1
Holland50 14.765.500 0.652.82.82.50000.310.2
Italy340 14.633.52.021.7550.15 0.233.52.7500 0.100.57 0.05
Indonesia70 13.800.50.600.05 5.06 6.1900.11.300
UK340 13.55 1.51 2.730.980.001 0.9 1.79 3.29 0.52 0.81 0.140.7 0.18
Korea41 13.51 4.61 1.114.2240 1.68 1.78000.1200
Turkey35012.9905.51.701.54000.250.0450
Iran24012030.9044000.100
Vietnam230126.5 0.1200 0.85 1.200.362.9200



The 2012 assessment identified a total of 26,240 feed mills globally, with Asia and North America being home to more than half of them. Sixty percent of the feed produced is pelleted, and this is even more prevalent in Europe.

 
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